With Theresa May’s signed Brexit exit letter due to be delivered in just over an hour to Europe, “severe risks to the U.K. economy litter the path ahead” but as Bloomberg’s Mark Cudmore writes overnight “this isn’t the time to trade on them.” Instead the former FX traders lookat flows, and specifically the record speculative sterling shorts, and notes that “at some point, these positions have to be unwound” adding that “after Brexit is officially triggered, there are no other concrete dates on the horizon for bad news, so many shorts will be closed.” His conclusion: “As a result, from Thursday, it’s logical to assume that the dominant flow in the coming weeks will be pound purchases. That could lead to quite a hefty rally.”
Indeed, after sliding below 1.24 yesterday, sterling has already staged a modest rally overnight. Will it continue is unclear, but in a market in which the news leads to covering of excessive outlier spec positions, we tend to side with Cudmore on this one.
Here is his full note:
Brexit Trigger Is a Time for Traders to Glance Up
The day has finally arrived. Severe risks to the U.K. economy litter the path ahead, but this isn’t the time to trade on them.
It’s always important to differentiate between asset pricing and the economic outlook. They are clearly connected but, importantly, any correlation is discrete in nature rather than continuous, and the lag is jumbled and inconsistent.
The U.K. economy keeps confounding the doom-mongers. It may continue to do so but, once Article 50 is triggered, it becomes very vulnerable to any hints of an acrimonious hard Brexit from the EU.
That must worry everyone who trades U.K.-related assets. However, it doesn’t mean they should sell upon the official trigger — it means they probably did already as they’ve had months of warning.
This will be like knowing you’re going to be pushed off a cliff edge, preparing for the worst, and then landing on a ledge just below. It doesn’t mean you won’t ultimately plummet to your death, but there’s the relief of an unexpected opportunity to save yourself. You’d already fully prepared for the drop so this is a moment to instead consider if there’s any way back up rather than repeat your preparation for the fall.
The data shows that speculative sterling shorts are at a record. At some point, those positions have to be unwound. After Brexit is officially triggered, there are no other concrete dates on the horizon for bad news, so many shorts will be closed.
As a result, from Thursday, it’s logical to assume that the dominant flow in the coming weeks will be pound purchases. That could lead to quite a hefty rally.
This won’t be a sign from markets that Brexit will be wonderful. And, in fact, sterling appreciation would make the economic future even tougher.
There’s a perilous journey ahead but, at least for now, the potential path upwards deserves more consideration and focus than the downside option
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Former Obama Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Evelyn Farkas, made some stunning admissions during an interview with MSNBC’s Mika Brzezinski.
While discussing the mad scramble by the Obama administration to collect and preserve intelligence on alleged Russian election hacking before Obama left office, it appears that Farkas accidentally implicated the Obama White House in the surveillance of Trump’s campaign staff:
The Trump folks, if they found out how we knew what we knew about the Trump staff dealing with Russians, that they would try to compromise those sources and methods, meaning we would not longer have access to that intelligence.
Furthermore, Farkas effectively corroborated a New York Times article from early March which cited “Former American officials” as their anonymous source regarding efforts to leak this surveillance on the Trump team to Democrats across Washington DC.
I became very worried because not enough was coming out into the open and I knew that there was more. We have very good intelligence on Russia. So then I had talked to some of my former colleagues and I knew they were trying to also get information to the hill.
That’s why you have the leaking.
In other words; the Obama administration was concerned about spoliation of evidence gathered through various “sources and methods” of surveillance, so a plan was hatched to leak this information to congress – also known as “The Hill.”
— ZeroPointNow (@ZeroPointNow) March 29, 2017
Possible conspiracy to frame Russia for the DNC server breach?
On a related note, Evelyn Farkas is also a senior fellow at the vehemently anti-Russia Atlantic Council, along with Crowdstrike founder Dimitri Alperovitch. The Atlantic Council is funded by the US State Department, NATO, Latvia, Lithuania, and Ukranian Oligarch Victor Pinchuk.
Is it true the DNC would not allow the FBI access to check server or other equipment after learning it was hacked? Can that be possible?
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) March 5, 2017
Notably, CrowdStrike has recently been discredited – and was forced to retract evidence used in a botched report on Russia hacking Ukranian military equipment.
CrowdStrike has retracted statements it used to buttress claims of Russian hacking https://t.co/8AZOvoQl0K
— Michael Tracey (@mtracey) March 28, 2017
To sum up:
- The White House surveilled the Trump campaign and then leaked information to anti-Trump allies in congress (also known as “The Hill”).
- The Russian hacking claim hinges on a CrowdStrike Report from Dimitri Alperovitch.
- Alperovitch was forced to retract statements in a report blaming Russia for hacking Ukrainian military equipment – a failed attempt to smear Putin.
- Alperovitch, along with White House Leaker Evelyn Farkas and Ukrainian Oligarch Victor Pinchuk, are all senior fellows on the Atlantic Council – which is vehemently anti-Russia.
(As an aside – Joe Biden’s son, Hunter Biden, sits on the board of a Ukrainian gas company reportedly owned by Pinchuk)
Is it a stretch to suggest that the CrowdStrike report on the DNC hack was fabricated to pin the DNC hack on Russia?
“We initiated a counter-coup through Julian Assange, who’s been very brave and really quite formidable in his ability to come forth and provide all the necessary emails that we gave to him to undermine Hillary and Bill Clinton.”
In other words, ‘white hats’ within US intelligence agencies passed the emails to Julian Assange in order to wrestle control of the USA out of the hands of the Clinton cabal of Neocon globalists.
It’s also quite likely that Seth Rich, the mysteriously murdered DNC computer expert, assisted this effort. Recall that Wikileaks, while they would not confirm Rich as a source, offered a $20,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of Rich’s killer(s) – and then raised it to $130,000. Simply read between the lines during this Julian Assange interview.
— ZeroPointNow(@ZeroPointNow) March 29, 2017
Reward for the killers of Seth Rich is now $130,000 https://t.co/KAiNFJusIb
— WikiLeaks (@wikileaks) January 19, 2017
At best, the Atlantic Council connections between a member of Obama’s DoD who leaked surveillance intel to congress, an increasingly suspicious Crowdstrike report, and a Ukrainian oligarch are mere coincidence. At worst, we may be looking at massive treason committed against an incoming US President.
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As the Russia versus Ukraine gas war continues, former Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk now faces a Russian arrest warrant in addition to the international arrest warrant that has been active against him since February 21st, according to reports on filings from a town in southern Russia.
The Yessentuki court said it issued the warrant due to Yatsenyuk’s alleged participation in an armed group fighting against Russian troops in Chechnya in the 1990s.
The Ukrainian government alerted the formal official of the warrant, according to a Facebook post from Yatsenyuk’s official account.
Yatsenyuk resigned from his position in Ukrainian politics in April, citing frustrations from the Western-leaning government’s inability to enact “real changes” in the domestic scene.
He had held the office since pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych lost his position to protests in February 2014.
Ukrainian prime ministers enjoy the perk of becoming head of the national natural gas company, Naftogaz, when they are sworn in.
Since Kiev switched allegiances to Europe, that company has been in Russian President Vladimir Putin’s crosshairs.
Just a week ago, the Russian gas company Gazprom claimed around $50 billion from Ukraine’s Naftogaz during a round of international arbitration over gas pricing contracts, and the claim could potentially swell to $80 billion, according to Naftogaz chief commercial officer Yuriy Vitrenko.
Roman Storozhev, who leads the Association of Subsoil Users of Ukraine, or UkrNadra, says new investments from the private sector would go a long way towards reducing corruption in the state-run gas company.
"Naftogaz has a monopoly position on the Ukrainian gas market because of the impact on its subsidiaries Ukrtransgaz, Ukrtransnafta, and Ukrgazvydobuvannia,” he says. “Naftogaz does everything. And it doesn’t do it well."
In September, Kiev attempted to restructure the giant firm, but none of the outlined steps have been completed so far.
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On January 1, 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) officially came into effect, virtually eliminating all tariffs and trade restrictions between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. As Visual Capitalist's Jeff Desjardins reminds readers:
Bill Clinton, who lobbied extensively to get the deal done, said it would encourage other nations to work towards a broader world-trade pact. “NAFTA means jobs. American jobs, and good-paying American jobs,” said Clinton, as he signed the document, “If I didn’t believe that, I wouldn’t support this agreement.”
Ross Perot had a contrary perspective. Lobbying heavily against the agreement, he noted that if it was ratified, Americans would hear a giant “sucking sound” as jobs went south of the border to Mexico.
IT’S A COMPLICATED WORLD
Fast forward 20 years, and NAFTA is a hot-button issue again. Donald Trump has said he is working on “renegotiating” the agreement, and many Americans are sympathetic to this course of action.
However, coming to a decisive viewpoint on NAFTA’s success or failure can be difficult to achieve. Over two decades, the economic and political landscape has changed. China has risen and created a surplus of cheap labor, technology has changed massively, and central banks have kept the spigots on with QE and ultra-low interest rates. Deciphering what results have been the direct cause of NAFTA – and what is simply the result of a fast-changing world – is not quite straightforward.
In today’s chart, we break down a variety of metrics on the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to give a “before” and “after” story. The result is a mixed bag, but it will at least paint a picture of how the nations have fared comparatively since the agreement came into effect in 1994.
NAFTA: A MIXED TRACK RECORD
On the plus side, NAFTA created the world’s largest free trade area of 450 million people, where trade between the three members quadrupled from $297 billion to $1.14 trillion during the period of 1993-2015.
Further, the agreement likely had the effect of lowering prices for consumers, especially for food, automobiles, clothing, and electronics. It also reduced U.S. reliance on oil from OPEC. In 1994, the United States got 59% of its oil imports from OPEC, but that number is reduced to 44% today as trade with Canada has ramped up. Canada is now the #1 source of foreign oil in the United States.
NAFTA has also unequivocally led to the movement of auto jobs. While the amount of autos manufactured in North America has increased from 12.5 million (1990) to 18.1 million (2016), the share of that production has shifted.
Mexico now produces 20% of all vehicles in North America – and U.S./Canadian shares have shifted down accordingly over the years. The ultimate result is the destruction of hundreds of thousands of jobs in both Michigan and Ontario, Canada.
As a final note, we also looked at comparing macroeconomic indicators from 1980-1993 (“Pre-NAFTA”) with those from 1994-2016 (“Post-NAFTA”).
For the U.S. in particular, here’s what has changed:
This is not intended to be a comprehensive analysis, but it gives a snapshot of what has changed since NAFTA was ratified.
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The Road To Serfdom (authored by F.A. Hayek, first publ;ished in 1944)
Excerpts from Chapter 11 – The End of Truth
"The most effective way of making everybody serve the single system of ends toward which the social plan is directed is to make everybody believe in those ends. To make a totalitarian system function efficiently, it is not enough that everybody should be forced to work for the same ends. It is essential that the people should come to regard them as their own ends."[p.171]
Berit's comment: Ponder that statement. It helps explain the significance of universal service-learning. Like socialist youth in Nazi (National Socialism) and Communist countries, all must embrace the new ideology. Those who don't — the intolerable dissenters — must be silenced.
The next section elaborates:
"Although the beliefs must be chosen for the people and imposed upon them, they must become their beliefs, a generally accepted creed which makes the individuals as far as possible act spontaneously in the way the planner wants. If the feeling of oppression in totalitarian countries is in general much less acute than most people in liberal countries imagine, this is because the totalitarian governments succeed to a high degree in making people think as they want them to."[p.171]
The strategies that accomplish this mental change include numerous subtle and obvious forms of propaganda. Schools, the media, children- and youth-service teams, corporations, etc…. every source of propaganda must share the same vision. Though totalitarian, it will be designed to sound noble, compassionate and fair to all. Yet the result with be the exact opposite.
Ponder this warning from Dr. Thomas Sowell's review of Road to Serfdom:
"At the heart of the socialist vision is the notion that a compassionate society can create more humane living conditions for all through government 'planning' and control of the economy…
"The rule of law, on which freedom itself ultimately depends, is inherently incompatible with socialism. People who are free to do as they wish will not do as the economic planners wish. Differences in values and priories are enough to ensure that. These differences must be ironed out by propaganda or power, if socialism is to be socialism. Indoctrination must be part of the program, not because socialist want to be brainwashers, but because socialism requires brainwashing.
"Idealist socialist create systems in which idealist are almost certain to lose and be superseded by those whose drive for power, and ruthlessness in achieving it, make them the "fittest" to survive under a system where government power is the ultimate prize…. The issue is not what anyone intends but what consequences are in fact likely to follow."
In his article, aptly titled "A Road to Hell Paved with Good Intentions," Sowell points out that "Marxism as an ideal continues to flourish on American college campuses, as perhaps nowhere else in the world." Collectivist visions appeal to academic idealists and others who ignore the lessons of history.
"….all propaganda serves the same goal—that all the instruments of propaganda are coordinated to influence the individuals in the same direction…. The skillful propagandist then has power to mold their minds in any direction he chooses, and even the most intelligent and independent people cannot entirely escape that influence if they are long isolated from all other sources of information. [p.171-172]
President Obama took control of this change process by transferring workers from the private sector (corporations, private enterprise…) to the government service sector. With the controlled media on his side, the masses are not exposed to contrary facts.
"…even the striving for equality by means of a directed economy can result only in an officially enforced inequality—an authoritarian determination of the status of each individual in the new hierarchical order—and that most of the humanitarian elements of our morals, the respect for human life, for the weak, and for the individual generally, will disappear….
"The moral consequences of totalitarian propaganda which we must now consider are, however, of an even more profound kind. They are destructive of all morals because they undermine one of the foundations of all morals: the sense of and the respect for truth.
"…in order to induce people to accept the official values, these must be justified, or shown to be connected with the values already held by the people, which usually will involve assertions about causal connections between means and ends. …people must be brought to agree not only with the ultimate aims but also with the views about the facts and possibilities on which the particular measures are based.[p.172]
Al Gore's battle against a mythical man-made global warming crisis illustrates this point. Globalist change agents agree that a worldwide crisis is needed to persuade humanity to embrace all the costly restrictions and regulations of government controlled "sustainable development." So they are willing to ignore facts and embrace myths and pseudo-science in order to reach their goal.
"We have seen that agreement on that complete ethical code, that all-comprehensive system of values which is implicit in an economic plan, does not exist in a free society but would have to be created….
"And while the planning authority will constantly have to decide issues on merits about which there exist no definite moral rules [apart from the Bible], it will have to justify its decisions to the people—or, at least, have somehow to make the people believe that they are the right decisions….
"This process of creating a 'myth' to justify his action need not be conscious. … So [the totalitarian leader] will readily embrace theories which seem to provide a rational justification for the prejudices which he shares with many of his fellows. Thus a pseudoscientific theory becomes part of the official creed which to a greater or lesser degree directs everybody’s action. [p.173]
"The need for such official doctrines… has been clearly foreseen by the various theoreticians of the totalitarian system…. They are all necessarily based on particular views about facts which are then elaborated into scientific theories in order to justify a preconceived opinion.
"The most effective way of making people accept the validity of the values they are to serve is to persuade them that they are really the same as those which they… have always held, but which were not properly understood or recognized…. The people are made to transfer their allegiance from the old gods to the new under the pretense that the new gods really are what their sound instinct had always told them but what before they had only dimly seen. And the most efficient technique to this end is to use the old words but change their meaning. Few traits of totalitarian regimes are … so characteristic of the whole intellectual climate as the complete perversion of language….
"The worst sufferer in this respect is, of course, the word 'liberty.' It is a word used as freely in totalitarian states as elsewhere…. Dr. Karl Mannheim… warns us that 'a conception of freedom modeled on the preceding age is an obstacle to any real understanding of the problem. But his use of the word freedom is as misleading it is in the mouth of totalitarian politicians. Like their freedom, the 'collective freedom' he offers us is not the freedom of the members of society but the unlimited freedom of the planner to do with society what he pleases….[pps.174-175]
"In this particular case the perversion of the meaning of the word has, of course, been well prepared …. by many of the theoreticians of socialism. But 'freedom' or 'liberty' are by no means the only words whose meaning has been changed into their opposites to make them serve as instruments of totalitarian propaganda. We have already seen how the same happens to 'justice' and “law,' 'right' and 'equality.' The list could be extended until it includes almost all moral and political terms in general use.
"… the confusion becomes worse because this change of meaning of the words describing political ideals is not a single event but a continuous process, a technique employed consciously or unconsciously to direct the people….
"It is not difficult to deprive the great majority of independent thought. But the minority who will retain an inclination to criticize must also be silenced. … Since many parts of this code will never be explicitly stated… every act of the government, must become sacrosanct and exempt from criticism. If the people are to support the common effort without hesitation, they must be convinced that not only the end aimed at but also the means chosen are the right ones."[p.175]
"Facts and theories must thus become no less the object of an official doctrine than views about values. And the whole apparatus for spreading knowledge—the schools and the press, radio and motion picture—will be used exclusively of to spread those views which, whether true or false, will strengthen the belief in the rightness of the decisions taken by the authority; and all information that might cause doubt or hesitation will be withheld."[p.176]
Stanford University Professor Steven Schneider illustrates it well. He said,
"On the one hand, as scientists, we are ethically bound to the scientific method, in effect promising to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but–which means that we must include all the doubts, the caveats, the ifs, ands, and buts. On the other hand, we are not just scientists but human beings as well. And like most people, we'd like to see the world a better place, which in this context translates into our working to reduce the risk of potentially disastrous climatic change.
"To do that, we need to get some broad based support, to capture the public's imagination. That, of course, entails getting loads of media coverage. So we have to offer up scary scenarios, make simplified, dramatic statements and make little mention of any doubts we might have… Each of us has to decide what the right balance is between being effective and being honest."
This applies even to fields apparently most remote from any political interests and particularly to all the sciences, even the most abstract.
"That in the disciplines dealing directly with human affairs and therefore most immediately affecting political views, such as history, law or economics, the disinterested search for truth cannot be allowed…. These disciplines have, indeed, in all totalitarian countries become the most fertile factories of the official myths which the rulers use to guide the minds and wills of their subjects…." [p.176]
In "Government religion in the United States," Erica Carle wrote:
"The separation of church and state argument for removing all traces of Biblical teaching from public life and public land is a gigantic fraud. Why? Because there is no separation of church and state. Government religion is a fact in the United States. What is wanted by the government religion adherents is not separation of church and state, but exclusive rights for their religion.
"What is the government religion? Auguste Comte (1798-1857), its French founder, called it the Religion of Humanity. The doctrines of the Positive Religion are now taught in the schools as a science which Comte called sociology. Sociology was to be the ruler science over all the other sciences and also the science of managing the world…. In a country that is supposed to be free,
- its citizens are being subjected to sociological management,
- its scientists and elected officials to sociological control, and
- its youth to sociological education.
Hayek went on…
"…we must yet be on our a guard not to dismiss .[these aberrations] as mere accidental by-products which have nothing to do with the essential character of a planned or totalitarian system….They are a direct result of that same desire to see everything directed by a 'unitary conception of the whole.'…
"Once science has to serve, not truth, but the interests of a class, a community or a state…. As the Nazi minister of justice has explained, the question which every new scientific theory must ask itself is: 'Do I serve National Socialism for the greatest benefit of all?'
"The word 'truth' itself ceases to have its old meaning. …it becomes something to be laid down by authority, something which has to be believed in the interest of the unity of the organized effort and which may have to be altered as the exigencies of this organized effort require it.
"The general intellectual climate which this produces, the spirit of complete cynicism as regards truth which it engenders, the loss of the sense of even the meaning of truth, the disappearance of the spirit of independent inquiry…. Perhaps the most alarming fact is that contempt for intellectual liberty is not a thing which arises only once the totalitarian system is established but one which can be found everywhere among intellectuals who have embraced a collectivist faith and who are acclaimed as intellectual leaders even in countries still under a liberal regime.
"Not only is even the worst oppression condoned if it is committed in the name of socialism, and the creation of a totalitarian system openly advocated by people who pretend to speak for the scientists of liberal countries; intolerance, too, is openly extolled…." [p.178]
"This view is, of course, practically indistinguishable from the views which led the Nazis to the persecution of men of science, the burning of scientific books, and the systematic eradication of the intelligentsia of the subjected people.
"The desire to force upon the people a creed which is regarded as salutary for them is, of course, not a thing that is new or peculiar to our time. New, however, is the argument by which many of our intellectuals try to justify such attempts." [p.179]
The tragedy of collectivist thought is that, while it starts out to make reason supreme, it ends by destroying reason…."[p.180]
And as a reminder, this was writen in 1944!
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This photo shows an outline of what is being called the world’s largest dinosaur footprint. It was found in the Walmadany area of the Dampier peninsula in Western Australia. The illustration shows how big a dinosaur would have to be to make the footprint.
Scientists have found what could be the world’s largest dinosaur footprint – measuring nearly 1.7 metres (5.6 ft) – on a remote part of Australia’s northwestern coastline. The footprint from a giant sauropod dinosaur was among 21 types of tracks found on the Dampier Peninsula in Western Australia, 130 km (80 miles) from the beach resort town of Broome.
“They are bigger than anything that has been recorded anywhere in the world,” said Steve Salisbury, the lead author of a joint study by the University of Queensland and James Cook University.
Sauropods were four-legged plant-eaters with long necks and tails, pillar-like legs and immense bodies. Sauropod footprints measuring 1.2 metres (4 feet) were found in Germany in 2015.
This print is just one of thousands there. The area was recently saved from destruction which would have resulted if the Western Australian government had it’s way.
The thousands of dinosaur footprints found at Walmadany in Australia’s Kimberley region come from at least 21 Cretaceous species, a comprehensive study has revealed. Some of these, at 1.7 meters (5.6 feet) long, are candidates for the largest footprints (ever) found. The collection is unparalleled in the world in diversity recorded at a single site, …
“It is extremely significant, forming the primary record of non-avian dinosaurs in the western half the continent and providing the only glimpse of Australia’s dinosaur fauna during the first half of the Early Cretaceous Period,” Dr Salisbury said in a statement. “It’s such a magical place –Australia’s own Jurassic Park, in a spectacular wilderness setting.” …
The geochemistry of the rocks, great for forming prints, was poor for fossilizing bones and teeth. We have no other records of the dinosaurs that made these prints, either at Walmadany or elsewhere in WA. Some of what has been found resembles tracks seen on other continents, but other prints appear to be from entirely unknown species. …
The company proposing the gas processing plant dropped the idea in 2013, but the Western Australian government continued trying to acquire the area in the hope of using it for industrial development in future. Salisbury’s work, in combination with a recent change of government, could see the area protected forever, although rising sea levels may make some prints even harder to study.
The area was eventually awarded National Heritage status in 2011 and the gas project subsequently collapsed.
Salisbury said: “There are thousands of tracks around Walmadany. Of these, 150 can confidently be assigned to 21 specific track types, representing four main groups of dinosaurs.
“There were five different types of predatory dinosaur tracks, at least six types of tracks from long-necked herbivorous sauropods, four types of tracks from two-legged herbivorous ornithopods, and six types of tracks from armoured dinosaurs.”
Most of Australia’s dinosaur fossils have previously come from the eastern side of the vast country.
At this point there are countless dinosaur bones and prints found all over the planet, including over 3,000 complete skeletons, fossilized eggs, and even protein (amino acid) sequences from iron preserved dinosaur soft tissue.
There are currently about 3,000 so-called “full” dinosaur specimens—complete or near-complete skeletons or just a complete or near-complete skull—in museums around the United States. Scientists estimate that there are at least triple this number as yet uncollected around the globe. It’s hard to say how long it will take to track these down. But currently we’re discovering new full specimens at a rate of about 14 per year.
Using fossil evidence, paleontologists have identified over 500 distinct genera and more than 1,000 different species of non-avian dinosaurs. …
Dinosaurs were real, they went extinct, and so can we. Here’s one of the biggest dinosaur bones found:
For those who say the devil put false bones in the earth to confuse people about the Bible, (really?) here are some dinosaur eggs and skeletons:
I enjoyed this response to the idea of a devil planting fake news.
The idea that the devil put the “them thar dino bones” anywhere to fool us is both a scientific and religious heresy.
From a scientific point of view, it is sheer foolishness. We’re able to user our brains to realize that trickling water will eventually mineralize bones that are buried in just the right way, and that if we find bones in the ground that are similar in many ways to the anatomy of living creatures today, is because they do in fact represent the remains of such creatures. Nobody can fake this, neither by supernatural or natural means.
From a religious point of view, the idea that the devil has so much power that he can actually change the geology of the Earth worldwide to trump up a false paleontological record is a heresy. This error is called “Manicheeism” – a heresy that views the world as equally split between equally powerful good and bad beings (i.e. the devil, as God’s “evil equal.”)
How do you know if you find a dinosaur egg?
Fossil dinosaur eggshell fragments can be recognized based on three important traits. Their thickness should be roughly uniform, they are usually slightly curved, and their surface is covered in tiny pores. Less frequently, the concave underside of the eggshell fragment will preserve bumps known as mammillae. Sometimes the embryo had absorbed so much of the calcium that the mammilae need a magnifying glass or microscope to be seen. However, there are many kinds of naturally occurring objects which can resemble fossil eggs. These can fool even professional paleontologists.
The reality is that 30 monitoring stations exceeded daily readings of 410 ppm by June, 2016. The locations marked with yellow stars below are those who passed that point by that month.
Some calculations show that CO2 levels were 5 times greater than today in the age of dinosaurs 250 million years ago. Could modern humans breathe the same air they did, 2,050 ppm CO2, and live? Perhaps.
The U.S. EPA CO2 exposure limits: The U.S. EPA recommends a maximum concentration of Carbon dioxide CO2 of 1,000 ppm (0.1%) for continuous exposure.
… The U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration, OSHA, has set Permissible Exposure Limits for Carbon Dioxide in workplace atmospheres at…
OSHA recommends a lowest oxygen concentration of 19.5% in the work place for a full work-shift exposure. As we calculated above, for the indoor workplace oxygen level to reach 19.5% (down from its normal 20.9% oxygen level in outdoor air) by displacement of oxygen by CO2, that is, to reduce the oxygen level by about 6%, the CO2 or carbon dioxide level would have to increase to about 1.4% 14,000 ppm.
In summary, OSHA, NIOSH, and ACGIH occupational exposure standards are 0.5% CO2 (5,000 ppm) averaged over a 40 hour week, 3% (3,000 ppm) average for a short-term (15 minute) exposure, and 4% (40,000 ppm) as the maximum instantaneous limit considered immediately dangerous to life and health.
… consider: we would die if we did not breathe in such a way as to retain very close to 65,000 ppm (6.5%) of CO2 in the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of our lungs.
And finally, the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) reports that 100,000 ppm (10%) of CO2 is the atmospheric concentration immediately dangerous to life.
If the CO2 and other greenhouse gasses trap too much sunlight, the earth warms up. A concern there is not just that sea level rises and it gets so hot that we have trouble living above ground, but that the methane ice under the ocean will melt.
As reported in the blog Arctic News, “huge amounts of methane are now escaping from the seabed of the Arctic Ocean, penetrating the sea ice, and entering the atmosphere, in a process that appears to be accelerating, resulting in levels as high as 2662 ppb (at 14384 feet altitude) on November 9, 2013.” Experts generally agree that this amount is roughly twice the globally ‘safe’ level.
Natural gas is 95-98% methane, a colorless odorless gas, making leaks hard to detect without scientific instruments.
How much methane can we breathe?
The atmosphere now contains about 2.2 ppm by volume of Methane. Methane gas is relatively non-toxic; it does not have an OSHA PEL Standard. Its health affects are associated with being a simple asphyxiant displacing oxygen in the lungs.
Methane is extremely flammable and can explode at concentrations between 5% (lower explosive limit) and 15% (upper explosive limit). These concentrations are much lower than the concentrations at which asphyxiant risk is significant.
Reportedly, the most violent methane explosions occur at concentrations of about 9%; coal mines are hence kept well ventilated (pumped with fresh air) to maintain methane levels at or below 1%.
NASA is keeping an eye on methane:
One small “hot spot” in the U.S. Southwest is responsible for producing the largest concentration of the greenhouse gas methane seen over the United States – more than triple the standard ground-based estimate — according to a new study of satellite data by scientists at NASA and the University of Michigan.
Methane is very efficient at trapping heat in the atmosphere and, like carbon dioxide, it contributes to global warming. The hot spot, near the Four Corners intersection of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, covers only about 2,500 square miles (6,500 square kilometers), or half the size of Connecticut.
In each of the seven years studied from 2003-2009, the area released about 0.59 million metric tons of methane into the atmosphere. This is almost 3.5 times the estimate for the same area in the European Union’s widely used Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research.
Let’s get busy with solutions. Who’s got a plan?
Vía True Strange Library http://ift.tt/2o9AkW9
If you're a Cuban focused on visiting the United States for tourism of business purposes, it's probably going to be a case of "close but no cigar". As Statista's Nial McCarthy notes, even though relations between Washington and Havanna have improved hugely over the past few months, Cuba still has the highest rate of U.S. visa refusal of any country worldwide. According to U.S. State Department data, 81.9 percent of all Cuban applications for B Visas (tourism or business) were turned down in fiscal year 2016.
Afghanistan came second for visa denials with 73.8 percent of all applications refused. Elsewhere, the highest rates of refusal were recorded across Africa with Mauritania and Liberia both having rates higher than 70 percent.
You will find more statistics at Statista
38 countries are part of a visa waiver program and although their citizens do not have to deal with the bureaucracy and apprehension of applying for a visa, they still have to provide the U.S. government with substantial personal information before they are admitted.
We suspect these numbers will rise over the next four years.
via Read More Here..
Lead is still ubiquitous in our society. It’s found in everything from drinking water and building materials to toys, cosmetics and vaccines. Governments have not not learned their lesson on the toxic effects of this heavy metal. A long-term study of more than 500 children who grew up in the era of leaded gasoline has shown that their exposure to the powerful neurotoxin may have led to a loss of intelligence and occupational standing by the time they reached age 38.
Vía PreventDisease.com http://ift.tt/2nhUjOg
According to the Western historians, Sanskrit also reached to its ultimate peak of refinement in some prehistorical age; since then there has been no change. Not that they are against change; you cannot change it because it has been refined to the very last. All the finishing touches were done five thousand years ago.
People were scientific, but their devotion was to human growth – in music, in art, in poetry, in drama, in dance.
In India there are so many schools of dance, centuries old; so many schools of music, centuries old.
And the teaching of dance or drama is not the way it is in the West; it is very religious. The man who teaches you drama, dance, music, is as much respected as a master is. And he is a Master, because music is not only music; it is, deep down, meditation. It is music used for meditation.
You may have come to learn music; you will return with something more, something more precious than you have every imagined. Music of course you will learn, but side by side something will start growing in you which is far more musical, which is the music of silence.
Vía The Galactic Free Press http://ift.tt/2nu0O1D
Near to Me are you. Dear to Me are you.
The Truth of You is Holiness. You scoff at this, yet I will tell you again: The Truth of You is Holiness. You are a Holy Being.
What would I create that was not holy? Imagine the reverence for Life that I hold dear to Me, created by Me. I am proud of My signature. I made you at no charge. There are no limits to what you can make of yourself.
Now, share with Me, reverence for Life and reverence for your own Life.
I tell you that you are a High Being. You may well see yourself otherwise. The demarcations made on Earth, oh, such as bright or slow, beautiful or not beautiful, deserving or undeserving are patently untrue. Those are tags that are handed out on Earth. The tags are incidental. You are foolish to accept them and, if you hand out these tags, you are foolish to give them. Somehow limited appraisals caught on. Now it is for you to abandon those appraisals. Start off on a new foot, will you?
Whatever the common consensus on Earth is, this consensus is beside the point; it is off the mark; it is not sufficient.
Life on Earth is amazing. Uphold what I create. Do not debase it.
You yourself don’t know the half of it. You are to be a supporter of Creation, not a disparager of it. You whom I created – I did not create you to judge. I created you to love. Some of My Creation that you may disparage – why, they may love greater than you. You may have to yet learn humility. Humility is a natural thing when you have Reverence for Life. Not even once more admonish Life. Uphold it.
Everyone on Earth, every living thing on Earth, serves a purpose. Look, We have a fantastic Creation. Don’t look at it askance. Do not think you are wiser than I am. Don’t be absurd. Haven’t you been absurd? It is absurd of you to consider yourself holier than thou! Holier than thou is not akin to Holiness.
If you don’t like how I plowed the field, pitch in now. Serve the Universe now. There are plenty of critics out there. There are plenty of detractors out there. Don’t you be one of them. I release you from bondage to ignorance. I release you now.
Do not take Creation as fair game any longer as if it is yours to take pot shots at.
Enlarge your habitat. To begin, increase your range of vision. See bigger than you have seen before. Build up the Universe. Make it shine.
Bite your lips before you badmouth Life on Earth ever again. Extol it. If you don’t have anything fine to say, look again. You are not blind, dear ones. Open your eyes! The world is outstanding. It is also sensational. That is, it is on the level of senses on Earth. See further, and you will see greater. You will see Higher. Your will become Higher and Vaster yourself. That which you see, you can accrue to yourself. See greater, and you are greater. The more doors you open, the more open you become. No longer close out on anyone in the world.
Together, let’s make this world you live in out of this world! Let’s soar! Let’s rise with everyone. Rise now.
Let’s plant Gardens of Eden. Let’s shine the world. Let’s make it usable for all mankind. Let’s be generous with the world and make the Truth of Life more visible. How appreciated the world will be. How beautiful. How rendered for Humanity. How reverenced Life will be because you are here!
Permanent link to this Heavenletter: http://ift.tt/2ntJs4T – Thank you for including this when publishing this Heavenletter elsewhere.
Vía The Galactic Free Press http://ift.tt/2o5p1xU